Journal of Taiwan Occupational Therapy Research and Practice
Objective: This study is conducted in hospitals' interpersonal interaction groups with the objective of developing a picture book intervention program for ADHD-diagnosed preschool children, and examines whether the proposed program influences the development of their social competence. Methods: Action research is employed and picture books are used to design and implement an intervention program. During the process, reading and discussion are employed, and extension activities implemented. The examined participants in this study are 3 ADHD-diagnosed preschool children. A total of 10 weeks therapy sessions were conducted for over 3 months. Preschool Social Competence Scale pre- and post-test data were collected with additional data, such as activity records, and parent and teacher interview data to understand the project or program's effectiveness and level of influence on the social competence of ADHD patients. Results: The execution of steps such as dialogue with professional groups, confirmation of the children's initial competence, confirmation of intervention objectives, picture book content analysis, the design of intervention activities, and intervention activity implementation are necessary for the development of a comprehensive intervention program. After participating in the picture book intervention program, all 3 participants exhibited improvements in their Preschool Social Competence Scale scores. Interview data and video recordings of the intervention activities show that the 5 major dimensions of the 3 children's social competence at home and at school showed positive change. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that picture book intervention facilitates the development of ADHD-diagnosed children s social competence. In this process, therapists can learn how to plan and conduct picture book intervention programs, providing an alternative choice of intervention for parents and children while elevating therapists' professional capability.