Journal of Taiwan Occupational Therapy Research and Practice
Memory is involved with every aspect of daily life and plays an important role in learning. Therefore, memory impairments caused by brain injury present a major barrier to rehabilitation because the individual is unable to learn or carry over techniques taught by occupational therapists. The purpose of this paper was to present briefly several key topics about memory, including theories of memory, metamemory, the phenomenon of memory distortion, memory dysfunction and assessment tools. Finally, the Contextual Memory Test (CMT) was emphasized especially. The unique characteristics of the CMT is that it provides objective measures of memory dysfunction, metamemory and strategy use. In addition, the CMT further links assessment results with the following treatment. The results of several studies have shown that the CMT is a valuable memory and metamemory assessment tool for use with different client populations. Recommendations for clinical application are discussed.