Journal of Taiwan Occupational Therapy Research and Practice
在促進精障者的身體活動量，除了健身運動 (exercise) 外，體育運動 (sport) 是另一項可能的形式。體育運動比起健身運動，會牽涉到特定的規則、技巧，通常也會有更多的人際互動與競爭經驗。較多的文獻支持健身運動在精障者的健康效益，但探討體育運動的成效研究則較為有限。復元為當今精神醫療及復健領域重要的觀點，進行體育運動時所經歷的過程與產生的結果，在概念上與復元有眾多的呼應。本文將回顧文獻，探討體育運動在精障群族的健康效益，尤其著重於足球項目，亦討論精障足球與復元的相關性，藉由一個臨床實務經驗加以呼應，最後列出實務及研究的相關建議。
To promote the physical activity level of individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), in addition to exercise, sport is another possible form. In comparison with exercise, sport usually involves specific rules, skills and more interpersonal interactions and competitive experiences. More literature supports the health benefits of exercise for individuals with SMI, but the research on the effect of sports is relatively limited. In addition, recovery is an important concept in current psychiatric care and rehabilitation. The process and results of doing sport have several conceptual echoes with recovery. This article reviewed the literature on the health benefits of sport in people with SMI, with a focus on soccer. At the same time, it discussed the correlation between soccer for SMI and recovery, providing clinical practice experience, and finally listed the suggestions for practice and research.