Journal of Taiwan Occupational Therapy Research and Practice
Musicians often suffer from playing-related health problems, which could have significant effects on performance ability and quality of life. The goal of the present study was to survey Taiwan music students regarding their play-related health problems and causal factors. The quality of life was also examined. A group of 323 students, including high-school and university music students and university music club students, were asked to complete 3 self-report questionnaires. Results showed that the university music students had the highest incidence of playing-related musculoskeletal disorders (PRMDs, 67.2%), followed by high-school music students (54.4%) and university music club students (41.3%). The most common injury type was tendonitis and most frequent affected areas were shoulder and fingers. Pain was the predominant complaint of these students who had experienced PRMDs. The results also indicated that more years the student had played his or her instrument, prolonged practice and lack of regular exercise habit were found to be related to PRMDs. Moreover, students who had PRMDs were more anxious and depressed, and less satisfied with their quality of life. In addition, most of students with PRMDs did not receive proper medical counseling and also did not adopt prevention strategy to avoid injury again. The occupational therapy can offer services to musicians were discussed.