Journal of Taiwan Occupational Therapy Research and Practice
Objective: The purposes of this study were to investigate the stressors in fieldwork, the coping strategies, the relationship between students' personality traits and stress, and the relationship between personality traits and coping strategies, in order to provide useful information such as proper teaching technique to therapists to elevate the effectiveness and quality of clinical education. Methods: Seventy seven occupational therapy (OT) students in Level II Fieldwork were recruited. Clinical Practice Stress Scale, Lai's Personality Traits Test and Revised Ways of Coping Checklists were applied to investigate the perception of stress, personality traits, and coping strategies of the participants. Results: The present study demonstrated that most of the OT students in level II Fieldwork have sound emotional stability, mental health, and social adaptation in Lai's test. The most common stressors were lack of professional knowledge and skill, stress form taking care of patients, stress from assignment and caseload. The most frequently utilized stress coping strategies were "Seeks social support," "Problem-focused," and "Wishful Thinking." Some personality traits were statistically correlated with certain specific stressors. For students who demonstrated extroversion personality tended to use problem-focused as their coping strategy. Students who were emotionally unstable tended to use "self-blame," avoidance and "blame others." Students who were subjective and aggressive tended to use "blame others." Conclusion: OT students did not demonstrate introversion or extroversion personality tendency. The most common stressors were specific to professional knowledge, taking care of patients, and caseload. The results confirm that clinical teachers need to take students' individual differences such as different stressors and coping strategies into consideration, and use versatile teaching strategies to promote the effectiveness of OT clinical education.